Sun Tzu – The Art of War Explained In 5 Minutes [Video]

[Music] in the age of bloody civil war 2500 years ago a Chinese military commander
strategist and philosopher emerged his name son Zhu after successfully defending the state of Wu against its
neighbor to to the west a book formerly known as master Sons military methods was born which has later become known as
the art of war the art of war is the most influential treatise on war ever written consisting of 13 chapters each
of which is devoted to one aspect of warfare it has shaped the way in which conflicts have been fought for thousands
of years from the Japanese samurai to the Napoleonic war not only has the book influence military commanders and
generals all over the world it has had resounding effects on politics sports and business to this day
the art of war is of vital importance to the state it's a matter of life and death a road either to safety or to ruin
hence it's a subject of inquiry which can on no account be neglected son Zhu has a holistic philosophy that if you
follow correctly and study thoroughly you will be victorious son Zhu says avoid what is strong and strike at what
is weak son Zhu is a strong believer that winning the war with as little unnecessary combat as possible is the
key to true victory [Music] supreme excellence consists in breaking
the enemy's resistance without fighting and the key to doing so is to know your enemy world if your opponent is arrogant
pretend to be weak so he will underestimate you if he was relaxing attack and give him no rest if his
forces are united separate them son zu is essentially saying that if you know your opponent's weaknesses and how to
exploit them you will never lose so adorn the hopeless Athenians do the unthinkable
they attack the weary Persians as they disembark their ships on shaky legs after a month at sea they attack before
they can establish their welcome and supply their soldiers son Zhu says if you know the enemy and know yourself you
need not fear the result of a hundred battles during the mid-1960s a war took place between the North Vietnamese
communists and the United States of America instead of confronting the Americans head-on the Vietcong had a
different idea in mind they used unconventional guerrilla warfare tactics which included hit-and-run strategies
this proved very effective against the much larger military of the Americans it's more important to outthink your
enemy than to I'll fight him the Vietcong forces were inferior to the Americans in both man and firepower so
guerrilla warfare tactics allowed them to inflict significant damage while keeping their casualties to a minimum
they also had unparalleled knowledge of the terrain this included a vast network of underground tunnels allowing them to
evade carpet bombing and escape the enemy the terrain was also laced with various booby traps and landmines even
though the Vietcong and North Vietnamese were heavily out armed by the American superpower they were still able to
defeat them as they truly understood son zoos philosophy all warfare is based on deception hence when we are able to
attack we must seem unable when using our forces we must appear inactive when we are near we must make the enemy
believe we are far away when far away we must make him believe we're near this philosophy can be seen in the world war
ii invasion of normandy known as d-day the british created several fictional units of troops stationed in scotland
who were ready to invade Europe through its northern regions in particular Scandinavia they then used several
misinformation techniques to persuade Hitler that 350,000 of these troops were primed to attack radio chatter and
Scotland lit up with talks of these troops preparing for an overseas assault and many of these transmissions were
made easily and acceptable Allied spies who had been able to infiltrate the Germans reported these developments as
well reinforcing their legitimacy these spies also took photographs of planes and tanks posed for invasion but these
were actually blow-up models in most cases all this caused dozens of German divisions to go up to bogus locations
and wait for an imaginary army to show up whilst important battles were fought else were this method of dividing enemy
forces was also employed to a greater extent on d-day itself Soviet forces kept around a million of the German
forces busy on the Eastern Front whilst the Allied invasion occurred on the Western Front
this tactic of dividing an enemy is one of sons used key philosophies and allowed the Allies to achieve victory
and eventually win the war thanks for watching if you enjoyed the video make sure to LIKE and subscribe and comment
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