Evolution of American Army Uniforms [Video]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4piK2OfRhR4

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armed with a copy of the british l7 gun prior to the formation of a professional army
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the 13 colonies were defended by militiamen or minutemen these minutemen fought in
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the opening battles of the american war of independence such as the battles of lexington and
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in contrast to the british regulars they fought they wore a patchwork of civilian
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clothing the first american regulars were equipped with muskets much like the rest
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of the world during the first years of their existence the american military
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was not formally organized until prussian officer friedrich von steuben disciplined them
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into a true fighting force at valley forge where americans began habitually wearing uniforms
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these newly professionalized soldiers marched to victories at saratoga kings mountain and
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ultimately yorktown although continental militiamen were used extensively
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for the entirety of the war unlike their musketeer counterparts morgan's rifleman who functioned as a
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light infantry force carried a true rifle the grooved barrels of which
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allowed the musket ball to spin for far greater accuracy uniforms of this period
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maintained a predominantly blue color palette although some details of the uniform
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convinced a prussian influence particularly the cuffs and collar officers continued to have edged weapons
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at their side a popular piece for ranked individuals of most armies around the world
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the pommels of american sabres were styled after eagles heads further cementing the bald eagle as a
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symbol of american identity american forces were
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able to stand their ground and hold the line during the siege of fort texas although the blue color was still
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prominent there was a noticeable change in headwear soldiers began to wear a type of visor
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cap in contrast to the taller and somewhat less fashionable
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shackle style hats union troops also known as federals were outfitted in dark blue
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tunics and cappy hats borrowed from the french design
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while this was the standard uniform for the union some regiments opted for entirely different uniforms
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when the confederate states seceded from the union the cs army opted for a more gray and
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earthy tone the confederate soldier for a good part of the early war period
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had to make do with older less effective muskets jewavs were a class of light infantry
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regiments that were linked primarily with the french army units
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serving in north africa during the time in the u.s it was a man by the name of elmer e
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ellsworth who before the war ran a drill company called the
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jewel of cadets who practiced in the manner of their french namesakes such units were raised on both sides of
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the war such as the union's 11th new york infantry the new york fire joavs
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as the united states began its expansionist phase the army continued to modernize and
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adapt to the changing battlefield while previously introduced for
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far out western territories the montana peaked design hat was adopted by the army as a
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service cover the army at this time also developed a tropical lightweight uniform for its
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campaigns in east asia when the united states entered
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the great war they had adapted much of the appearance of their british counterparts
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the steel brody helmet often nicknamed a doughboy helmet and khaki or olive drab battle dress the
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american expeditionary force fought its way to victory on the western front
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the united states saw its ground forces make their debut in operation torch fighting alongside
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the british in north africa against the ferocious german africa corps ultimately driving the nazis back to the
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italian mainland taking note of the effectiveness of the german falsehood paratroopers the us
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developed their own airborne troops who contributed greatly to victory in europe from the night
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landings prior to d-day to the invasion of germany american airborne infantry were crucial
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to the allies victory rangers were elite light infantry forces organized in company size formations
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rangers famously scaled puente du hawk on d-day to eliminate artillery pieces which the germans had evacuated just
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prior but they also won fame in italy at the anzio beachhead prior to operation
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shingle by the time of the battle of the bulge airborne units had fought through most
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of german-occupied europe and now held their own during the siege of bastogne
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from december 1944 to january of 1945 the battle hardened screaming eagles of the 101st
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defended the city against determined german attacks united states marines under the u.s navy
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formed the bulk of the ground forces in the pacific theater they carried out the lightning fast
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island hopping campaign across imperial japanese territory with marines planting these stars and stripes
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on mount suribachi during the capture of iwo jima becoming an iconic image of the second
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world war the army air forces was responsible for most of the aerial combat during the war
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widely recognized by their hap arnold wing's insignia and their famous winged propeller on their uniforms
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the army air forces were ultimately responsible for the two atomic weapons unleashed on nagasaki and hiroshima
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swiftly if not controversially ending the war in the pacific
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following the second world war they would be split from the army to become the united states air force
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following the end of the second world war the united states infantrymen remained relatively unchanged in gear
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and appearance though now they were a battle-hardened force experienced on all sides of the
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globe by this time the us military as a whole had been desegregated by
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executive order 9981 of president truman during the vietnam war u.s ground forces fought not only the north vietnamese
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and their guerrilla warfare tactics they fought against the tropical conditions of vietnam itself
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[Music] uniforms would wear and tear until they disintegrated
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off of a soldier's body a torn up uniform came to be a mark of experience and veterans when the war ended many
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found themselves struggling to readjust to civilian life once they returned home vietnam veterans remain the largest
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population of military vets to this day in 1990 the iraqi army marched into kuwait
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this was met with both economic sanctions by united nations members and the largest coalition of allied
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nations since the second world war live news broadcasts displayed u.s forces clad in camouflage uniforms
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attuned to the desert environment during operation desert shield and operation desert storm in the
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following year when kosovo declared independence in 1999
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serbian forces were sent in to reconquer the breakaway republic and began a campaign of ethnic cleansing
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nato forces intervened and ended the 78-day conflict u.s forces were equipped with new body
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armor derived from earlier flak vests during the vietnam war the tragic attacks on september 11
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2001 saw the american troops march into the middle east to begin the international campaign
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known as the global war on terror to adjust to the desert environment troops were
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issued an improved desert camouflage uniform and equipment that assisted them in this
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new battlefield dominated by urban combat in time the us army saw fit to consolidate their
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camouflage patterns rather than having two separate ones it was decided to attempt a universal
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pattern this pattern became the face of the american soldier for over a decade until the army then
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realized how ineffective this pattern was the modern soldier now wears proper
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battle dress as the fight against terrorism continues in the middle east army infantrymen primarily train
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at fort benning georgia dubbed the home of the infantry as of 2019 the us army introduced a new
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service uniform that harked back to the days of the second world war and korea
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a modern iteration of the pinks and greens the uniform that the greatest generation
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made famous during the 1940s and 1950s in arlington national cemetery soldiers
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of the 3rd infantry regiment dubbed the old guard stand sentinel
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at the tomb of the unknown soldier these sentinels remain as guardians 24 hours a day 7 days a week 365 days a
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year since april 1948 their duty is to guard and honor those who died in
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combat but whose identities remain unknown [Music]

Source : Youtube
 

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